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Allure A walkway along the top of a wall.

Ashlar Hewn squared and shaped blocks of building stones.

Bailey The outer courtyard or ward inside the castle walls used for outdoor activities.

Balustrade A railing topping a row of small columns placed along a walkway or an outside stairway.

Barbican The gateway or outworks defending the drawbridge.



Bartizan An overhanging battlemented corner turret, corbelled out; sometimes as grandiose as an overhanging gallery.

Bastion A small enclosed tower placed at the edge of a curtain wall and used primarily as watch or guard post.

Breccia Rock composed of sharp-angled fragments embedded in a fine-grained matrix.

Bretasche A timber gallery built out at the top of a wall or tower.

b.u.t.tery The storeroom for wine and other beverages.

b.u.t.tress A projection of masonry or wood used to enforce and strengthen a wall.

Type 1: Flying b.u.t.tresses are a narrow arched bridge built against the wall.

Type 2: Pilaster b.u.t.tresses gradually recede into the wall as it ascends.

Chamber An arched roof. A bedroom. A hall for meetings Chancel The s.p.a.ce surrounding the altar of a church.

Chevron A pattern having the shape of a V or an inverted V.

Cistern A storage place for water.

Concentric Two set of high defensive walls, with one totally inside of the other.

And with both enclosed areas having a common centre.

Crenels The open s.p.a.ces between the merlons on an battlement fortifications.

Also some are known and used as embrasures.

Crenelation That which the crenels and merlons form as an battlement fortifications Curtain wall A castle wall enclosing the entire castle or a courtyard.

Drawbridge A wooden bridge, capable of being raised or lowered, used to open a passageway or gate.

Embrasure An opening through which arrows or bolts may be fired.

Frieze A plain or decorated horizontal part of an entablature between the architrave and cornice.

A decorative horizontal band, as along the upper part of a wall in a room.

Gable The generally triangular section of wall covering the end of a roof ridge.

Gallery An outdoor roofed balcony used for patrolling the castle walls.

A corridor or room devoted to the exhibition of castle portraits and treasured trophies.

Groined A roof with sharp edges at the intersection of cross-vaults.

h.o.a.rding A covered gallery built on or near the top and outside of a curtain wall or tower to defend against attackers.

Lammergeier A large predatory bird (Gypaetus barbatus) of the vulture family, ranging from the mountainous regions of southern Europe to China and having a wide wingspan and black plumage. Also called bearded vulture, ossifrage Lancet A long, narrow window with a pointed head.

Lintel A horizontal stone or beam bridging an opening.

Machicolation A masonry projection from a curtain wall or tower supported by corbels with an opening in the floor through which rocks, boiling water or arrows could be rained down upon attackers.

Merlon That solid part of the wall or tower battlement that with the crenels form the crenelations.

Provides protection to the castle defenders.

Mullion The vertical division of windows.

Mural Tower A tower built on the top of the curtain wall.

Narghile A pipe with a long flexible tube connected to a container where the smoke is cooled by passing through water.

Narthex An enclosed passage between the main entrance and nave of a church; also, vestibule Nave The princ.i.p.al hall of a church, extending from the narthex to the chancel.

Oubliette A secret dungeon with a trap-door opening only in the ceiling.

Parapet A protective wall built along the outer top of a wall or tower.

Pilaster An auxiliary mass of masonry designed to strengthen a wall.

Pinnacle An ornamental crowning spire, tower, etc.

Piscina A hand basin with drain, usually set against or into a wall.

Plinth A projecting base of wall.

Refectory Communal dining hall.

Revetment To face a slope of earthwork with a layer of stone to stabilized and strengthen the slope.

Roc A mythical bird of prey having enormous size and strength.

Septentrional Northern.

shingle A tile made from wood and used for roofing material.

Sill The lower horizontal face of an opening.

Simurg A mythical Persian bird. It was an agent of the good will of the Gods. It killed harmful snakes and its feathers had healing powers.

Solar A term commonly used for a small chamber or private sitting room usually off of the great hall.

Originally referred to a private chamber located high up in the keep, with a window that allowed direct sun to enter to warm the room Tracery Intersecting ribwork in upper part of window.

Vault An arched structure of masonry usually forming a ceiling or roof.

Ward The inner courtyard of a castle or an open s.p.a.ce within the castle's walls.





CHAPTER DISCUSSION